On this day, 70 years ago, after being lethally shot while on his way to a prayer meeting at the Birla House Mahatma Gandhi had breathed his last.
Here are a few things regarding his assassination which you need to know:
- Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated when he was79 on his way to Birla House (now Gandhi Smriti) in New Delhi on January 30, 1948.
- According to reports, He was shot at 5.12 in the evening which lead to his death.
- Gandhi was on his way to a prayer meeting when Nathuram Godse, a prominent member of Hindu Mahasabha, impeded him.
- Godse, aged 36, shot Gandhi three times in the chest with a point-blank range Beretta M 1934 semi-automatic pistol.
- Gandhi was carried back inside the Birla House after being shot, where he died.
- Death sentences for assassinating Gandhi were given to Godse and Narayan Apte, a fellow conspirator. While six others – including Godse’s brother, Gopal – were sentenced to life imprisonment.
- It is widely stated that Gandhi’s last word which he uttered was “Hey Ram” after being shot.
- Five prior unsuccessful attempts were made to kill Gandhi.
- The first attempt to kill Gandhi was a bomb attack in 1934. In 1944, Godse was caught twice trying to approach Gandhi with a dagger. On January 20, 1948, Godse and his fellow conspirators had failed to pull off a planned shooting.
- Two days prior to his assassination, Gandhi is said to have made this statement:
“If I’m to die by the bullet of a mad man, I must do so smiling. God must be in my heart and on my lips. And if anything happens, you are not to shed a single tear.”